Tetabuhan Arak, Berem, Tuak, and Cuka: Butha Kala’s Drinks
Wherever you are traveling in Bali, it is easy to find the Balinese doing ritual activities. There are rituals held privately at home or at the family’s holy place, and those held collectively at the Pura (temple) or many other sacred places like the beach, water resources, at the market, rice field and involving the krama (member) of the village or banjar. Gambelan (traditional Balinese music) sound is played incessantly, the smoke of fragrant incense and the sound of the hand bell of Pemangku (Balinese priest) who recites various mantra, makes the situation very merry and full of magical enchantment.
The rituals that are performed by the Balinese are according to the concept of Panca Yadnya (5 kinds of rituals as the shape of honest and straight forward sacred sacrifice) there is Dewa Yadnya, the ritual that is presented to Sang Hyang Widhi with all of His manifestations, Pitra Yadnya the ritual that is dedicated to the pitara (ancestor), Butha Yadnya, a ritual to the Butha kala, Manusa Yadnya, a ritual for human beings, Rsi Yadnya, ritual for the Maha Resi. Those five kinds of rituals are aimed to keep the security and promote a harmonic life between Bhuwana Agung and Bhuwana Alit (the universe and all it contains).
any kinds of sesajen (offering) that are dedicated during that ritual are a symbol of sincerity and purity of the Balinese for the gift of prosperity that is given by Sang Hyang Widhi, Gods and Goddess, the ancestor spirit, Maha Resi (Great priest), and still guarding the balance of the universe, the harmony of the power of nature, time and dimension (Butha Kala), and also the harmonic relationship between human beings.